Readers ask: Why Is Inauguration Not On Election Day?

Why is the inauguration on January 20?

Congress had originally established March 4 as Inauguration Day. The date was moved to January 20 with the passage of the Twentieth Amendment in 1933.

Is the presidential inauguration always on the same date?

Since 1937, it has taken place at noon EST on January 20, the first day of the new term, except in 1957, 1985, and 2013, when January 20 fell on a Sunday. In those years, the presidential oath of office was administered on that day privately and then again in a public ceremony the next day, on Monday, January 21.

What happens if election isn’t decided by Inauguration Day?

Section 3 of the 20th Amendment specifies that if the House of Representatives has not chosen a president-elect in time for the inauguration (noon on January 20), then the vice president-elect becomes acting president until the House selects a president.

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Is Inauguration Day in the Constitution?

The 20th amendment to the Constitution specifies that the term of each elected President of the United States begins at noon on January 20 of the year following the election. Each president must take the oath of office before assuming the duties of the position.

Who gave the longest inauguration speech?

Harrison delivered the longest inaugural address to date, running 8,445 words.

Which president did not use the Bible to take the oath of office?

Theodore Roosevelt did not use the Bible when taking the oath in 1901, nor did John Quincy Adams, who swore on a book of law, with the intention that he was swearing on the constitution.

Can the date of the inauguration be changed?

For 144 years, the U.S. President was inaugurated in the spring. But after the election of 1933, Congress changed the date in the 20th Amendment to the Constitution, moving the date up to Jan. 20.

Did Nixon attend Ford’s inauguration?

East Room, White House, Washington, D.C. The inauguration of Gerald Ford as the 38th President of the United States was held on Friday, August 9, 1974, in the East Room of the White House in Washington, D.C., after Richard Nixon, the 37th President, resigned due to the Watergate scandal.

What happens if no winner by inauguration?

If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the Presidential election leaves the Electoral College process and moves to Congress. If the House of Representatives fails to elect a President by Inauguration Day, the Vice-President Elect serves as acting President until the deadlock is resolved in the House.

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What is 270 in US election?

In the Electoral College system, each state gets a certain number of electors based on its total number of representatives in Congress. Each elector casts one electoral vote following the general election; there are a total of 538 electoral votes. The candidate that gets more than half (270) wins the election.

What does the US Constitution say about elections?

Article I, Section 4, Clause 1: The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.

What is the 20th Amendment simplified?

The 20th amendment is a simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal (United States) government elected offices end. In also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies. This amendment was ratified on January 23, 1933.

What is the 25th Amendment in simple terms?

The Twenty-fifth Amendment (Amendment XXV) to the United States Constitution says that if the President becomes unable to do his job, the Vice President becomes the President (Section 1) or Acting President (Sections 3 or 4).

What happens if a president isn’t elected by January 20?

The Constitution did not originally include the term president-elect. Section 3 provides that if there is no president-elect on January 20, or the president-elect “fails to qualify”, the vice president-elect would become acting president on January 20 until there is a qualified president.

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